Category: Construction


Understanding Residential Requirements

Understanding Residential Requirements

Residential Requirements: An Essential Guide

The process of building a new home, undertaking a renovation project, or conducting housing maintenance can be both exciting and daunting. Critical to these housing projects are the ‘residential requirements’. In fact, these requirements are the principles that lay the foundation for each construction or renovation project. But what does this term mean? And why is it important, especially when it comes to the work of building estimators? Let’s delve right in.

‘Residential requirements’, commonly referred to as building codes, are the regulations in a specific locality about the design and construction of homes. They are designed to ensure safety and habitability for residents. These rules provide minimum standards for services such as heating, plumbing, ventilation, lighting, and sanitation in homes. They also cover structural integrity, fire safety, means of egress, energy efficiency, and accessibility.

When it comes to home projects, these requirements can appear overwhelming and complicated, especially for homeowners who are undertaking projects for the very first time. This is where the role of professionals like building estimators becomes imperative.

Building estimators analyze construction plans and project specifications to determine the overall cost of a project. They play a significant role in ensuring the project stays within budget without compromising on the delivery and quality of work. Additionally, building estimators are often well-versed in understanding the intricacies of residential requirements. This unique expertise allows them to accurately cost and account for the necessary measures to meet these standards.

It’s imperative to understand that not adhering to residential requirements could lead to penalties, fines, or even a halt in construction. Therefore, it’s vital to understand these requirements before you start your home project and to consult with building estimators to assure the compliance and affordability of these standards.

The world of construction and building is complex, with many different technologies, methods, and regulations to be aware of. Whether you are building a new home, renovating an old one, or tackling any type of residential construction project, understanding residential requirements is essential. These requirements ensure the safety, habitability, and quality of our homes.

In conclusion, residential requirements form the core of any housing project. They dictate the safety and functionality of your home, leading to a comfortable and secure living environment. By understanding and meeting these regulations through the assistance of professional building estimators, you’ll ensure your project’s success and longevity.

The Snow Moon}

The Snow Moon}

Submitted by: Laura Stamps

Sunday morning, and Savannah runs to the window with the kitten, the clicking of several thousand beaks scratching the air. Yankee starlings migrating South for the winter blacken the street, yards, and trees, conjuring a whirlwind of clamor. Horus and Thoth wiggle with excitement, while Re squeaks his pleasure. Suddenly, the mass leaps for the sky in a synchronized moment, tinting the light with a murky funnel cloud of feather and screech, leaving four dazzled souls behind.

* * * * * * *

After lunch Re zooms into the office, clutching one of Ravenas catnip mice between his teeth. He crashes into a rattan cabinet filled with fabric, dances a circle or two on his toes, and zips out the door.

Somebody has the rips, Savannah murmurs, trying to concentrate on an intricate sequin design for a new handbag, while lifting her feet every time Re dashes through the office at high speed. Kittens cannot easily retract their claws at that age, and she bears the crimson marks on her arms and legs to prove it.

Thoth shuffles into the office and plops on a rug to watch the show. After the first day curiosity about Re replaced Thoths constant hissing, and now he follows the kitten from room to room. Utterly delighted, Re performs for this audience of one and then tackles Thoths fluffy head, clinging to the big cats giant ears like a tiny white hat. Thoth fails to shake the kitten off, and Savannah intercedes, gently removing Re.

Thoth isnt your mother, she says, even as Thoth washes Res face, fueling the kittens infatuation.

Every day Re swings from the carpeted kitty condo in the den, performing frantic kitten gymnastics for an hour or so. Re also adores Savannahs long black hair, which he yanks with his teeth and paws whenever she leans down to pet him or sits on the stool at her worktable, while he quietly stalks her.

Ouch! Savannah yelps after another sneak attack from Re, detaching the kitten from her back and loosening a strand of hair from his mouth. I had no idea you could leap so high now, she says, wincing from the sting of fresh scratches. Ive got to find a string toy for you, one that makes my hair seem boring.

After dinner Re learns how to spit and spends the rest of the evening spitting at Horus, Thoth, and Savannah, delighting in the new sound skipping from his lips. He invents a game which consists of running across the living room, climbing up on a sofa cushion, spitting at Savannah while she reads the latest urban fantasy novel by Lilith Saintcrow, then darting into the kitchen to slither under the refrigerator like a garter snake.

Tomorrow Ill slide a few pieces of cardboard under the drip pan to block his entrance, she murmurs, turning another page of the novel, Horus sprawled across her lap.

But the next day Res spitting blossoms into sneezing, and his nose begins to leak. Dont worry, Savannah says, lifting him to her shoulder and walking to the kitchen, while he sneezes on her face. She wipes her cheek with a paper towel and reaches into the cabinet for bottles of non-alcoholic goldenseal and echinacea.

Ill just add a few drops of these liquid herbs to your food and water, and youll be back to your spitting tricks in no time, she promises, scratching his chin, as he sneezes on her hand.

* * * * * * * *

Savannahs Patron Goddess, Bast, occupies a special place in Egyptian history not only as the revered Cat Goddess but also as a Moon Goddess. Because of this, Savannah celebrates each Esbat, a ritual of magick and divination that occurs every month on the night of a full moon.

The Esbat in November honors the Snow Moon, and that evening Savannah slips into her ritual robe and decorates the altar with paper cutouts of snowflakes. Horus and Thoth settle on the sofa to watch, while Re bounces around the room, unaware of Savannahs ritual routine. She catches Re as he races by and puts him on a pillow next to Thoth.

Sit, she says, pointing her finger at Re, a command shes been teaching him this week. If youre a good boy, Ill give you a treat later with the big kitties.

She returns to the altar and lights three green candles carved with Wynn, the rune for prosperity and love. She leaves them on the altar rather than arranging them in a circle on the floor, not wanting to tempt Re, who sizzled one of his whiskers a few days ago on a scented candle burning near the coffee table.

Clearing a space on the altar, Savannah spreads a bright pink bandana cleansed in sunlight and sets her tarot deck in the middle. The Snow Moon offers the opportunity for divination, a chance to work with abundance and prosperity, to peer through the folds of time and discern the future. She opens the curtains at every window, flooding the candlelit room with moonlight.

Standing before the altar, she lifts her wand and slowly turns in a clockwise direction, welcoming the faeries, elementals, and mighty Watchtowers to her ritual. She stops in front of the statue of Bast sitting regally on her altar. Lifting her hands, Savannah says:

Beloved Bast, O Goddess of Cats,

Great Queen of this moonlit night,

I honor your feline power and might.

I ask for your wisdom and foresight.

Beneath this sacred Snow Moon

open my eyes, reveal my destiny.

The future I place at your onyx feet.

With loving gratitude, so mote it be.

Savannah reaches for her tarot cards and cuts the deck, turning the second half upside down. But as she begins to shuffle the cards Re can no longer contain his excitement and dives off the sofa, climbing up Savannahs leg to slap one of the silken tassels dangling from her ritual robe.

She screams as his tiny needled claws draw blood from her leg, and she drops the cards to grab Re, unfastening him from her jeans.

No! she shouts, and swats Res bottom, setting him back on the sofa cushion. No, she says again, firmly, pointing her finger at him, Horus and Thoth cringing, Res tail twitching.

When Savannah returns to the altar she finds the cards in a cluttered pile. As she gathers them back into an orderly stack one card slips from her fingers and falls to the sacred cloth. A silver streak of moonlight illuminates the upturned face of the Ace of Cups. She glances at Bast, whose golden feline eyes dance in the candlelight.

Savannah laughs. Okay, she says. This is certainly the oddest tarot card reading Ive ever done, but I get the message.

She props the card against a paper snowflake and stares at it for a moment, a puzzled expression dancing across her face.

I dont understand how this card relates to my future prosperity, she mumbles, knowing the Ace of Cups foretells the beginning of a love affair.

Suddenly Savannah shudders, the thought of dating or a new lover unpleasantly prickling her skin. Im just not ready for that yet, she pleads, moonshine streaming across the altar, as Basts flaxen eyes twinkle magickally in candlelight.

About the Author: Laura Stamps is an award-winning novelist, as well as a Wiccan and feral cat rescuer. The recipient of a Pulitzer Prize nomination and seven Pushcart Award nominations, she is the author of a popular series of magickal urban fantasy novels found at


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Landscape Lighting A Useful Decorating Product For Your Home}

Landscape Lighting A Useful Decorating Product For Your Home}

Landscape Lighting A Useful Decorating Product For your Home


Amit Chakraborty

Landscape lighting and ceiling lighting is growing in appeal amongst homeowners. Along walkways and entry points to your home, landscape lighting can provide a measure of security as the light will deter most would-be burglars. Lighting is also necessary to increase the safety of your yard and garden for your family and any guests when you entertain. Of course, the wide selection of outdoor lighting options available can also add a lovely decorative effect to your yard which not only improves night time usability but also adds tremendous curb appeal.

The variety of landscape lighting products is quite staggering. There are lamps that can be hung from hooks or porch ceilings to illuminate your outdoor entertaining spaces such as decks or patios. Outdoor lights can be found in post styles which are wonderful for lining pathways or brightening entries. Lighting fixtures for landscape lighting come in every type of material and finish so you can easily blend your outdoor lighting into your yard and garden designs.

There are many small landscape lighting products that are used for spotlighting or highlighting the features in your yard. They can be used to bring attention to areas that you want as the focal points in your yard as well as draw attention away from areas that you don’t want people to notice. By highlighting statuary, fountains and other ornamental elements, you not only increase the visual appeal of your yard but you are also increasing safety by lighting possible hazards to someone walking through your garden areas.

Landscape lights can be used to create many effects, depending on what you are going for. You can choose lights that add drama to your patio area or a whimsical touch throughout your garden paths. Larger light fixtures add a measure of safety and security and can even come in motion sensing styles which save money on utility bills. Outdoor lighting is necessary if you want to be able to safely use your yard at night. With the options available, you can add beauty to your landscaping as well.

Jordan Travis writes about

landscape lighting

industry. Read more about

landscape lighting


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